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The lower airway microbiota forms within the first 2 months of life, influenced by the gestational age at birth and, in premature babies, the delivery mode.
The vaginal microbiota of women who delivered prematurely has increased richness and diversity and a higher prevalence of Mollicutes bacteria.
Recent studies indicate that the placenta has a microbiota. A publication on Microbiome instead supports the classic thesis: the placenta is sterile.